Here we are on the precipice of a new year. The media is filled with look-backs at 2018 and countdowns from the year past. Many of us use this ushering in of another year as a chance to reconsider, regroup, and make amends. And so there's no better topic on this day than AM radio and its future – not just in the world of radio broadcasting, but across the entire media spectrum.
AM radio has taken its share of lumps over the past few years, as many broadcasters are moving their assets to FM or considering shutting down AM stations entirely. Today's “Best of” post takes a nostalgic look back at AM radio, a medium that many of us grew up with. Enjoy the read, and your new year.
And remember to make those resolutions responsibly. – FJ
I know I may sound like a relic from another era, but chances are if you're a Baby Boomer (or gasp – even older), you were inspired by AM radio as a kid growing up whether it was in a big city or a small town. If you're a member of a younger generation, you may not even know that AM – or amplitude modulation – has a magic power. At night when the clouds are just right, AM signals have the ability to “skip” across geography, unlike frequency modulation (FM) which is line of sight. “Clear channel” stations had an even easier time being heard beyond their metro confines – often covering many states during the nighttime hours.
Many of us radio veterans remember those nights, lying in bed, where your trusty bedside AM clock radio pulled in signals from all over the U.S. As a boy in Detroit and not especially well-traveled, I learned how to pronounced Des Plaines (Des-planes) and Touhy (2E) by listening to Chicago radio stations like WBBM and WLS. Tuning in KYW in Philly (which came in “like it was next door”), I learned how to spell the quirky town of Conshohocken from listening to Phillips Ford commercials. It was from a jingle that got in your head (CON-SHO-HO-CKEN). At least, it got in mine.
It didn't matter if you lived in Dallas or Des Moines, or a small town in Delaware – you were able to pick up big AM radio stations from faraway. And if you talk to today's broadcasters on the other side of 50, many will tell you their careers were likely inspired by these booming, exciting blowtorches on AM radio that provided a soundtrack for our teens.
AM radio was where we first heard the Beatles, the Supremes, the Stones, Stevie Wonder, and even the Doors. Big AM Top 40 stations of the day – KHJ, WABC, CKLW, WLS – played all these cool rock songs, right next to Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass, Elvis, Bobby “Boris” Pickett, and the Singing Nun. And even though the fidelity of amplitude modulation is obviously technically inferior to that of FM, there was something very different and even romantic about hearing all those songs first on AM radio. All the big recording studios used AM radio-sounding speakers as they worked on their final mixes, knowing that's where the music would first be exposed. They may have sounded cleaner years later on FM, but they sounded bigger on AM.
So, when Steve Goldstein posted a Wall Street Journal story the other day – “Why Nighttime Is The Right TIme For The Great American Road Trip” by Dan Neil – it sparked a reaction from lots of old radio hands on Facebook. One after another chimed in with call letters, personalities, and faraway cities that charmed them over AM radio during the evening hours decades ago.
But alas, there's nothing very romantic about AM radio these days. While broadcasters did their best to salvage these facilities, mostly by switching to spoken word formats, there are fewer and fewer AM stations still thriving. And unlike those good old days where many AM stations were in hot pursuit of one another, there are just a handful still operating at meaningful competitive levels. Even the great stations feel a lot like high-end department stores anchoring malls on the poor side of town.
And so in this year's Techsurvey, our new research director, Jason Hollins, came up with a fascinating idea to gain a better understanding of AM radio's continued relevance. Over the years, we've identified new car buyers (or those in the market for a new vehicle). We then give them a list of in-car media features, and ask them to tell us which are most important to them.
We've always expressed broadcast radio as “AM/FM.” And it has always ended up at the top of drivers' wish lists – ahead of connectivity features like Bluetooth, Wi-FI, and Apple CarPlay. It's not just our radio-centric Techsurvey that shows broadcast radio ranking above newer features – everyone's research reinforces its value at these high levels.
So, in our new Techsurvey 2018, we separated AM and FM radio for this question. And the results are perhaps predictable:
The chart tells the tale of these two broadcast radio platforms. On its own, FM hangs in well, deemed to be “very important” for eight of every ten respondents looking to purchase or lease a new car. AM, on the other hand, is mentioned by fewer than four in ten as a must-have feature, behind the CD player.
A solution for the AM radio problem? It's a tough one, or it would have been solved years ago.
It turns out The Verge wrote a feature story about AM's dilemma back in 2014 – “Can we save AM radio?” by Trent Wolbe. Its sub-heading – “Keeping amplitude modulation out of the dustbin of history” – is ominous and speaks to the precarious position of the platform nearly 5 years ago. Today's AM's health is even more tenuous.
The story charts then-FCC commissioner Ajit Pai‘s efforts to save AM radio, and concludes with the hope that perhaps today's AM radio stations could become what those early FMs once were – sandboxes used by pioneers, swashbucklers, and even wild-eyed entrepreneurs to try something very “unradio-like.”
In some ways, AM's pathway may resemble that of my hometown of Detroit. A once-proud city that fell on the hardest of times is now on the comeback trail as young innovators flock to the city. Most find the environment agile, inexpensive, and inspirational. Like AM radio, Detroit has a rich history, having once played an important role in millions of lives. But that was a long time ago.
A palpable spirit of innovation pervades the Motor City these days – an attitude that would suit AM radio operators, whether they chose to experiment with their own properties, hire inventors to try new concepts, or lease their airwaves to wild-eyed devil-may-care artists looking for a palate on the airwaves.
Now the cynics among you may be thinking, “Isn't it possible to do this on the Internet?” Or on HD2s? Why would anyone bother experimenting with AM radio at this point in time?
I'll let Verge writer Wolbe answer that question:
“The AM band may eventually return to the Wild West feel that it had when it was first deployed in the early 1900s: a low-rent haven that artists and other cultural opportunists will inhabit and reinvent for their own devices. Imagine an instant, global communications medium free of regulation: it sounds a lot like the internet used to be.”
Is it even imaginable that a 12 year-old in 2018 would lay in bed at night tuning in an AM clock radio?
It may sound far-fetched, but remember it's largely Millennials buying those antennas and rabbit ears to pull in local televisions stations without having to buy cable TV. There's nothing hi-tech about that.
They even have a cool acronym – OTA – over the air.
Now that sounds a bit romantic.
Jacobs Media has consistently walked the walk in the digital space, providing insights and guidance through its well-read national Techsurveys.
In 2008, jacapps was launched - a mobile apps company that has designed and built more than 1,200 apps for both the Apple and Android platforms. In 2013, the DASH Conference was created - a mashup of radio and automotive, designed to foster better understanding of the "connected car" and its impact.
Along with providing the creative and intellectual direction for the company, Fred consults many of Jacobs Media's commercial and public radio clients, in addition to media brands looking to thrive in the rapidly changing tech environment.
Fred was inducted into the National Radio Hall of Fame in 2018.